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Precision Mapping Promises to "Shrink the Map" of Schistosomiasis & Other NTD News

News roundup

This news roundup is a collection of headlines and other items on neglected tropical diseases, and does not reflect the work or the views of the Neglected Tropical Diseases Support Center.

Precision Mapping

Comparison of precision and conventional maps of schistosomiasis prevalence in the health districts of Edea (A) and Ndikinimeki (B), Cameroon. 

LOUIS-ALBERT TCHUEM-TCHUENTÉ ET AL./PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES

Lymphatic filariasis

Maharashtra's filaria burden rises, 877 cases recorded till June

Umesh Isalkar
Times of India
The rising cases of microfilaria have sent alarm bells ringing in the state, while posing a huge challenge to the Centre's goal of eliminating lymphatic filariasis in the country by 2020. Between January 1 and June 30 this year, 877 people were found infected with microfilaria in the six endemic districts of Maharashtra - a rise of 155 cases when compared to 722 cases in the same period last year.

[AUDIO] Filariasis: Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi

Robert Herriman
Outbreak News Today
Filarial worms are long thread like worms that live in the tissue and body cavities of vertebrates. Their eggs mature into tiny larvae called microfilariae. There are at least eight filarids that are of importance to humans and today we’ll be talking about two of them—Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. Joining me to discuss filariasis is parasitologist and author, Rosemary Drisdelle.

Onchocerciasis

High prevalence of epilepsy in onchocerciasis endemic health areas in Democratic Republic of the Congo

Evy Lenaerts et al.
Infectious Diseases of Poverty
A high prevalence of epilepsy has been observed in many onchocerciasis endemic regions. This study is to estimate the prevalence of active epilepsy and exposure to Onchocerca volvulus infection in a rural population in Ituri province, Democratic Republic of Congo.

A Serological Survey of Human Onchocerciasis in Yemen

Charles D. Mackenzie et al.
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Yemen is a country that has been treating severe cases of oncho-dermatitis since 1992 and is now moving to a program aimed at the elimination of the transmission of Onchocerca volvulus. It is important to ensure that the currently acceptable tools used in epidemiological assessment of onchocerciasis in Africa and Latin America also apply to Yemen. This study supports the use of the current O. volvulus–specific serologic methodology in Yemen.

Schistosomiasis

Precision mapping: An innovative tool and way forward to shrink the map, better target interventions, and accelerate elimination

Louis-Albert Tchuem Tchuenté, J. Russell Stothard, David Rollinson and Jutta Reinhard-Rupp
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Precision mapping of schistosomiasis gives high-resolution information at the local level. By increasing the map granularity and spatial resolution, precision mapping provides the best evidence-based data to guide intensified interventions in targeted transmission zones and allows for a better and rational utilization of the donated praziquantel and available resources. We therefore believe that it is a promising and innovative tool to shrink the map of schistosomiasis and accelerate the move toward the elimination of schistosomiasis.

Mass drug administration and the sustainable control of schistosomiasis: an evaluation of compliance in the rural Philippines

Marianette T. Inobaya et al.
Parasites & Vectors
Preventive chemotherapy is the current global control strategy for schistosomiasis. The WHO target coverage rate is at least 75% for school-aged children. In the Philippines, the reported national coverage rate (43.5%) is far below the WHO target. This study examined the factors associated with non-compliance to mass drug administration.

Parasite infections with multiple strains are more harmful to vertebrate hosts

Purdue University
Science Daily
The incredible amount of genetic diversity in parasites means humans are often infected with multiple strains, which could make infections worse and increase the prevalence of the parasite over time, according to a new study. "Understanding how hosts and parasites interact is important when it comes to treating and preventing the disease [of schistosomiasis]," Dennis Minchella said. "These findings might also be relevant in other parasite systems with two hosts."

Simulation of population dynamics of Bulinus globosus: Effects of environmental temperature on production of Schistosoma

Chester Kalinda et al.
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Temperature is an important factor that influences the biology and ecology of intermediate host (IH) snails and the schistosome parasites they transmit. Although temperature shifts due to climate change has been predicted to affect the life history traits of IH snails and parasite production, the mechanisms of how this may affect parasite abundance and disease risks are still not clear.

Surgical treatment (shunts compared with devascularisation) for preventing variceal rebleeding due to liver schistosomiasis

C.J. Ede, D. Nikolova and M. Brand
Cochrane
There are two broad surgical categories to decrease the risk of repeat bleeding from varices: these are either shunts (a channel that diverts all or part of the bloodstream from the liver to the general blood circulation) or devascularisation surgery (disconnection of the enlarged blood vessels in the walls of the oesophagus and stomach). Either treatment may be performed as a once-off procedure to prevent variceal rebleeding. However, it is not clear which of these treatments offers the best result. We aimed to determine the benefits and harms of shunts compared with devascularisation in preventing variceal rebleeding due to schistosomiasis of the liver and spleen.

Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis

Are schoolchildren less infected if they have good knowledge about parasitic worms? A case study from rural Côte d’Ivoire

Marta S. Palmeirim et al.
BMC Public Health
In our study in Côte d’Ivoire, deeper knowledge did not automatically translate into a decrease of helminth infections. Social and cultural differences may play a role in how well behavior change is achieved and should, thus, be taken into account in the design of health education interventions. Social pressure may be a strategy to motivate children to start following the health and hygiene-related recommendations more often.

Current high prevalences of Strongyloides stercoralis and Opisthorchis viverrini infections in rural communities in Thailand

Pokkamol Laoraksawong et al.
BMC Public Health
Two important helminths, Strongyloides stercoralis and Opisthorchis viverrini, are endemic in northeast Thailand. There have been national campaigns in place aimed at the control and eradication of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and opisthorchiasis in Thailand for several decades. However, these helminths still exist and raise concerns regarding public health. This study aimed to evaluate the current prevalence of S. stercoralis and O. viverrini infections in rural communities in northeast Thailand. The data from this study will be useful to improve strategies for future helminth prevention and control.

Trachoma

A diagnostic instrument to help field graders evaluate active trachoma

Anthony W. Solomon, Richard T. Le Mesurier and William J. Williams
Ophthalmic Epidemiology
We have developed an ultra-low-cost solution: a follicle size guide that takes the form of a durable printed adhesive sticker which can be fixed to graders’ thumb nails for direct size comparison. This tool will be made available to health ministries free of charge. It is anticipated to simplify grader training, increase grader trainee pass rates, and prevent in-service diagnostic drift after training is complete.

Comprehensive Molecular Serology of Human Chlamydia trachomatis Infections by Peptide Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays

K. Shamsur Rahman et al.
mSphere
Sensitive species-specific detection of anti-Chlamydia trachomatis antibodies is compromised by cross-reactivity of the C. trachomatis antigens used in standard microimmunofluorescence (MIF) testing and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Previously, we discovered 48 strongly reactive C. trachomatis-specific B cell epitope peptides from 21 immunodominant proteins. Here we comprehensively evaluated the 11 top-ranked C. trachomatis-specific peptide antigens from 8 proteins for use in C. trachomatis serology.

Sh4b drugs waste at airport over inaction by Afya House Read

Mercy Korir
The Standard (Kenya)
Two million Kenyans are at risk of going blind because the Government has delayed to clear a consignment of life-saving drugs, worth Sh4 billion, donated by a US-based organisation. The drugs, intended for vulnerable communities in 12 counties, have been held for 10 months at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, during which clearance fees has doubled.

Cross-cutting

Seventh meeting of the working group on monitoring of neglected tropical diseases drug efficacy

World Health Organization Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases
Helminth control programs based on preventive chemotherapy for the control of schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis are continuing to expand providing significant benefit to the population covered. However, this expansion may triggering the development of anthelminthic resistance to the medicines used. The Working Group on Monitoring of Neglected Tropical Diseases Drug Efficacy was established by the WHO in 2011 with the purpose of promoting the establishment of a standard system for monitoring drug efficacy; the judicious use of anthelminthic medicines in order to sustain their efficacy and delay resistance; and the testing of alternative medicines or combinations of medicines should resistance emerge against the anthelminthics currently used in preventive chemotherapy programs.

Unfinished Business: Human Rights and the Future of NTD Control and Elimination

Joseph J. Amon and David G. Addiss
The Task Force for Global Health
But this very success shines a light – or casts a shadow – on the persistent, and unaddressed, [neglected tropical disease, or] NTD-related challenges that one billion drug doses can’t address. Linked to [lymphatic filariasis, or] LF infection are disability and mental health problems, stigma, poverty, and social exclusion of affected persons. Both as causes and consequences of NTDs, these challenges are viewed as falling largely outside the purview of NTD programs. By creating NTD programs with a narrow focus on infections, we have designed an NTD elimination strategy that can “succeed” while doing little to relieve current suffering or strengthen health systems.

The Time for Talking Is Over, It’s Time to Deliver On Disability Inclusion

Geoff Prescott
Huffington Post
“Actions speak louder than words, will we see some action for disability rights now?” The UK hosted the first ever Global Disability Summit in London on 24th July, it presented a crucial chance for decision-makers all over the world to ensure the rights, freedoms and dignity for all persons with disabilities would be guaranteed and to give those with disabilities the opportunity to be at the forefront of decision making affecting their lives for years to come.

NTDs in Niger: Current Epidemiological Status of Neglected Tropical Diseases Targeted through Preventive Chemotherapy

END Neglected Tropical Diseases in Africa
When Niger, a West African country of 22 million people, began receiving USAID support through the FHI 360-managed END in Africa project to control or eliminate the seven neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) targeted through preventive chemotherapy (PC NTDs) in October 2010, there was much work to be done, as some diseases had become nationwide public health problems.

Uganda: Government Recruits 15,000 S.4 Leavers As Health Workers

Patrick Ebong
All Africa
The Ministry of Health will recruit 15,000 O-Level leavers as community health extension workers (CHEWS) in the initial phase to provide basic healthcare in villages in the next three years. The move is in line with the Ministry's initiative to promote its new healthcare delivery model that focuses more on disease prevention to decongest public hospitals and health facilities in rural areas.

Other

Cabinet OKs bill to remove leprosy as grounds for divorce

Times of India
The Union Cabinet has cleared the Personal Laws (amendment) Bill that seeks to strike down leprosy as a ground for divorce by making amendments in divorce acts for Christians, Muslims and Hindus, besides others. Though leprosy is curable, laws still equate people with the disease with those suffering from lunacy, and under provisions of the Indian Divorce Act, it is a legitimate ground for divorce.

Shedding Light on NTDs: Leprosy

Lauren Goodwin
The Disease Daily
Many individuals may believe they are familiar with leprosy due to its many references in the Old and New Testaments of the Bible. . . Because of the stigma attached to the disease, people feared it was highly contagious and deadly, however, this assumption was incorrect. In reality, leprosy has an extremely low risk of transmission, and the forced isolation of those with leprosy into their own communities had only tortured them emotionally instead of working to find an effective treatment until the early twentieth century

Monitoring and detection of leprosy patients in Southwest China: A retrospective study, 2010–2014

Wang Le et al.
Nature
More than 100 counties, mainly in southwest China, report incidence rates of leprosy >1/100,000. The current study analyzed the epidemiology of leprosy in southwest China to improve our understanding of the transmission pattern and improve control programs.

Heme crystallization in a Chagas disease vector acts as a redox-protective mechanism to allow insect reproduction and infection

Caroline M. Ferreira et al.
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Heme crystallization as hemozoin represents the dominant mechanism of heme disposal in blood feeding triatomine insect vectors of the Chagas disease. . . Although heme and redox homeostasis regulation is critical for both triatomine insects and Trypanosoma cruzi, the physiological relevance of hemozoin for these organisms remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that selective blockage of heme crystallization in vivo by the antimalarial drug quinidine, caused systemic heme overload and redox imbalance in distinct insect tissues, assessed by spectrophotometry and fluorescence microscopy.

Global output of research on epidermal parasitic skin diseases from 1967 to 2017

Waleed M. Sweileh
Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Epidermal parasitic skin diseases (EPSD) occur in most countries and cause a considerable health and economic burden, particularly in the tropics and subtropics. The aim of this study was to assess and analyse peer-reviewed literature on EPSD in humans. The results of this study serve as an indicator of the extent the scientific community, health authorities, and international health agencies interact with EPSD as a health problem that is commonly associated with poverty and poor hygiene.

Widespread giant African cobra revealed to be five distinct species

Bangor University
Phys.org
Cobras are among the most widely known venomous snakes, and yet a new research paper has revealed that what was thought to be a single widespread cobra species, the forest cobra, is, in fact, made up of five separate species. Two of these species, the Black Forest Cobra and the West African Banded Cobra, are new to science and are first named in this paper.

Genetically engineered mosquitoes, Zika and other arboviruses, community engagement, costs, and patents: Ethical issues

Zahra Meghani and Christophe Boëte
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Genetically engineered (GE) insects, such as the GE OX513A Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, have been designed to suppress their wild-type populations so as to reduce the transmission of vector-borne diseases in humans. Apart from the ecological and epidemiological uncertainties associated with this approach, such biotechnological approaches may be used by individual governments or the global community of nations to avoid addressing the underlying structural, systemic causes of those infections. . . We discuss here key ethical questions raised by the use of GE insects, with the aim of fostering discussion between the public, researchers, policy makers, healthcare organizations, and regulatory agencies at the local, national, and international levels.

Dengue fever outbreak stopped by special mosquitoes

BBC News
Australian researchers say for the first time an entire city has been protected from viral disease dengue. Captive-bred mosquitoes with a naturally occurring bacteria were released in the city of Townsville, where they mated with local mosquitoes. By spreading the bacteria Wolbachia, which hinders dengue transmission, the city has been dengue-free since 2014. Researchers from Monash University also believe their work could stop mosquito-borne diseases Zika and malaria. "I think we've got something here that's going to have a significant impact and I think this study is the first indication that it's looking very promising," said Scott O'Neill, director of the World Mosquito Program, quoted by the Guardian.

'We can’t let our guard down' – as Paraguay eliminates malaria, regional outbreaks grow

Laurence Blair
The Guardian
Paraguay is the first South American country to eradicate malaria. But neighboring cases are mounting – and climate change threatens to spread the disease.

Sequencing a malaria mosquito's motherline

Science Daily
A team led by scientists from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has sequenced and annotated the first complete mitochondrial genome of Anopheles funestus, one of the main vectors of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. This milestone, published in June in Scientific Reports, offers a glimpse inside this insect's genetic diversity, ancestral history, and evolution -- information that researchers might eventually exploit to develop new ways to prevent this deadly disease.

Sadc joins hands against malaria

The Herald (Zimbabwe)
Health and Child Care Minister Dr David Parirenyatwa met the Elimination 8 (E8) delegation which visited the country recently to discuss issues related to the elimination of malaria in Southern Africa. E8 is a regional collaboration initiative by eight countries — Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe — to fight malaria.

Field test for dog Leishmania exposure evaluated

EurekAlert!
Dogs infected with Leishmania infantum, a parasite transmitted by the sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus, are at risk for spreading leishmaniasis infections to humans. A new test, described and evaluated this week in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, provides an easier-than-ever way to test dogs for exposure to P. perniciosus sand flies, and could be used in monitoring the effectiveness of sand fly control efforts.

Upcoming Events 

Tropical Medicine Cases and Neurocysticercosis Guidelines
August 8,  Webinar
What will be covered? A mix of interesting tropical medicine cases as well as one hour on the newly released IDSA and ASTMH co-authored neurocysticercosis guidelines, interspersed with relevant cases. Presenters: Leading tropical medicine experts Susan McLellan, MD, MPH, FIDSA, FASTMH, University of Texas Medical Branch, and Christina Coyle, MD, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, will lead the discussion. Dr. Coyle is a co-author of the neurocysticercosis guidelines.

Public Health Informatics Conference
August 20-23,  Atlanta, Georgia
Registration for the 2018 Public Health Informatics Conference is now open! Don’t miss this opportunity to connect with colleagues and address the science of public health informatics, evolving public health systems, and public health’s role in our nation’s expanding health information technology infrastructure.

5th International Conference on Neglected Tropical & Infectious Diseases
August 29-30,  Boston, Massachussetts
Theme: Uniting all to overcome and fight against NTD's & infectious diseases for improved health protection.

78th FIP World Congress of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
September 2-6, Glasgow, United Kingdom
The 2018 FIP congress in Glasgow, Scotland, invites pharmacy practitioners and pharmaceutical scientists from around the world to come together to consider ways of extending the role of pharmacists so that they play a full part in ensuring patients, and health systems, achieve full benefit from the medicines people take.

Gnatwork Bangladesh '18
September 2-6, Bangladesh
Our first international workshop will be held in Bangladesh on the 2 – 6 September 2018. We aim to bring together researchers who have an interest in blackflies, sandflies and biting midges for networking and sharing of expertise.The first day of our week-long workshop will consist of a conference day of talks, consisting of lectures from experts on vector ecology and epidemiology. We will also hold a short workshop on this day to discuss the current issues affecting vector research. Following this, we are holding a four-day training course for early-career researchers, to teach practical laboratory and field skills for research on sandflies, blackflies and biting midges.

Contol and Elimination of Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-azar)
September 3,  Online Course
The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine is offering an online course bringing together all aspects of elimination and control together, this course provides a unique platform to learn about the tools needed for an effective VL control programme. The course contains examples from experts delivering current control and elimination programmes in South Asia and East Africa. The course provides learners unprecedented access to practical tools and insight into understanding the requirements and complexities of such programmes.

2018 ROP Africa Symposium
September 3-4,  Cape Town, South Africa
The International Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Council and The Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology at The Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital, Cape Town are proud to announce the 2018 ROP Africa Symposium.

IAPB Council of Members Meeting
September 15-16,  Hyderabad, India
The 2018 International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) Council of Members will be held in Hyderabad and our local host will be L.V. Prasad Eye Institute who are celebrating the 20th anniversary of ICARE (International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care). We are expecting 400 delegates between the 15-16 September to celebrate the progress that has been made in India and across the South East Asia Region as well as looking ahead at the challenges that eye health faces not just in the region but across the globe.

RSTMH Annual Meeting 2018
September 19-20,  London, UK
The theme of [The Royal Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, or] RSTMH’s 2018 two-day Annual Meeting is intersections of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and the Sustainable Development Goals. We will bring together voices from different sectors, locations and disease areas to showcase the lesser-known problems caused by intersections, and their impact.

First International Podoconiosis Conference
September 23, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
The theme for this is ‘Research to Implementation: A Call for Global Action’. With this invitation to register, we are also calling for abstracts from all those involved in podoconiosis research and implementation. In order to stimulate high levels of participation, the conference programme will include two sessions of research presentations, one of implementation presentations, and a poster display area. Abstracts for each of these will be selected by competitive process, and prizes will be awarded for the best research and the best implementation presentations. Travel awards will be available for a limited number of selected abstracts.

Access Challenge Universal Health Forum
September 24, New York, New York
The Universal Health Forum will celebrate the drive towards Universal Health Access in Africa. There will be high-level forums on maternal health, child health and malaria, NTDs and NCDs. There will also be an exhibition hall showcasing new technology, diagnostics, and treatments, and a dinner and awards ceremony celebrating leaders from across Africa.

NNN 2018 
September 24-26, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
We are delighted to announce the dates for the 9th NNN annual conference, subject to venue availability.

10th Euro-Global Conference on Infectious Diseases
September 27-29, Rome, Italy
Theme: Advancing in science and improving care to prevent infectious diseases.

International Conference on Migration Health
October 1-3, Rome, Italy
Hosted by the international Society of Travel Medicine.

Scientific Journalism Workshop
October 1-4, Kampala, Uganda
We would like to invite health/science journalists from Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe to submit their applications for a media workshop to be held on 1st – 4th October 2018 in Kampala, Uganda. All interested journalists may apply using the online application form no later than August 17, 2018.

5th Global Symposium on Health Systems Research
October 8-12,  Liverpool, United Kingdom
Theme: Advancing health systems for all in the SDG area.

World Sight Day
October 11, 2018
World Sight Day (WSD) is an annual day of awareness held on the second Thursday of October, to focus global attention on blindness and vision impairment. This year, the "Call to Action" for World Sight Day is "Eye Care Everywhere."

World Health Summit
October 14-16, Berlin, Germany
Central topics for this year's meeting will include pandemic preparedness, sustainable development goals, and access to essential medicines.

Neglected Tropical Diseases Congress: The Future Challenges
October 15-17, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
The conference includes prompt presentations, special sessions, workshops, symposium, oral talks, poster presentations and exhibitions. We expect your kind presence at the conference which will discuss the recent emerging diseases, outbreaks, categories, epidemiology, diagnosis, therapeutics etc.

Collaborations Addressing Vulnerable Populations Forum
October 16-17, Herndon, Virginia
The Collaborations Addressing Vulnerable Populations (CAVP) Forum is a platform dedicated to the steps being made across the biomedical landscape to provide healthcare solutions to populations that represent an unmet medical need. The CAVP Forum will provide attendees with the opportunity to attend sessions from five unique tracks. We will highlight how drug repurposing can alleviate development costs, discuss different ways to ensure access to safe and cost-affective drugs, examine regulatory pathways and incentives targeting rare and neglected tropical diseases, and explore public–private partnerships that support the development of new treatments for vulnerable populations.

The Roadmap to Echinococcosis Control in Peru: Review and Synthesis of the Evidence
October 16-18, Lima, Peru
The objectives of this workshop are to review the cystic echinococcosis situation in Latine American and Peru, to review state-of-the0art methodologies, and to evaluate the evidence generated by pilot projects. The workshop is being coordinated by the University of Surrey (UK) and the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Peru), and will have contributions from other leading researchers. We are now inviting Early Career Researchers (ECR) from the UK or Peru to apply to attend this workshop. All travel and accommodation expenses will be covered by the Research Links programme. Applications are welcome until 1 August. Successful candidates will be contacted in early August.

Tropical Dermatology
October 27 - 28, New Orleans, Louisiana
This 1.5-day course offers an overview of Tropical Dermatology, an essential component of tropical medicine. The course is designed for clinicians who are already familiar with clinical tropical medicine, either from working in tropical environments or from seeing patients returning from the tropics. Saturday’s session is devoted to cutaneous leishmaniais (the latest in the rapidly changing epidemiology, diagnosis and management). Skin conditions will be reviewed from the standpoint of diagnosing and treating individual patients – and from managing skin diseases on a population basis. 

Big Data and Genomics – A Practical Workshop on Sequence Analysis in Parasitology
October 28, New Orleans, Louisiana
This practical, hands-on workshop will introduce participants to publicly available sequence analysis tools. Using parasite genome and/or RNAseq data obtained from actual field or laboratory experiments, participants will learn analytical methods and workflows used to extract meaningful biological, evolutionary and/or epidemiological insights. Through live exercises led by experts in the field, participants will learn how to retrieve data from sequence repositories, run them through preconfigured or customized workflows, and visualize and explore the data using web-based tools.

The Global Health Impact of Urbanization and Megacities – Trends, Risk Management and Research Needs
October 28, New Orleans, Louisiana
This course will explore the changing worldwide landscape and global health risks with the exponential increase in urban population growth.  Beyond vector-borne diseases, the lack of barriers between animals, vectors, the environment and water supply increases the risk of other diseases such as leptospirosis, Ebola and plague. We urgently need to be prepared for new microbial transmission pathways in the urban environment that affect human health. 

67th Annual ASTMH Meeting 
October 28 - November 1, New Orleans, Louisiana
The ASTMH Annual Meeting draws tropical medicine and global health professionals representing academia, government, non-profits, philanthropy, NGOs, industry, military and private practice. The meeting is designed for researchers, professors, government and public health officials, military personnel, travel clinic physicians, practicing physicians in tropical medicine, students and all health care providers working in the fields of tropical medicine, hygiene and global health. 

7th Global Scabies Control Meeting
October 28, New Orleans, Louisiana
We are pleased to announce the date for the 7th Global Scabies Control meeting. The meeting will be held on Sunday 28th October in New Orleans, LA, USA. Please mark this in your diaries now! Further information and registration details will follow in coming months. 

1st International Caparica Congress on Leishmaniasis
October 29-31, Caparica, Portugal
This conference intends to gather researchers working in areas related to Leishmaniasis, from treatment to prevention. In fact, as leishmaniasis is slowly but constantly, increasing worldwide, this conference is addressed to show the latest research trends in this area. The idea is to push forward the battle against this persistent disease. 

Women Leaders in Global Health London 2018
November 8-9, London, United Kingdom
Celebrating women in global health leadership and cultivating the next generation of women leaders. 

APHA 2018 Annual Meeting and Expo
November 10-14, San Diego, California
Theme: "Creating the Healthiest Nation: Health Equity Now."  

Vector-Borne Diseases in the UK - Biennial Meeting, 2018
December 3-4, Norwich, United Kingdom
This meeting will be the fourth we have held on this topic, with previous meetings in 2012, 2014 and 2016, and like before we will bring together members of the major UK research groups who have an interest in vectors or vector-borne diseases which could be a threat to the UK; groups with wider but related areas of interest; members of key UK Government Departments and their Agencies; and representatives of European organisations with an interest in this topic. 

Women Deliver 2019 Conference 
June 3-6, 2019, Vancouver, Canada
The Women Deliver 2019 Conference – the world’s largest gathering on the health, rights, and wellbeing of women and girls – will serve as a fueling station for advocates working to achieve a more gender equal world. In the summer of 2019, over 6,000 world leaders, influencers, advocates, academics, activists, and journalists will flock to Vancouver with dreams of accelerating progress girls and women everywhere.