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Partners Commemorate World NTD and World Leprosy Days & Other NTD News

News roundup

This news roundup is a collection of headlines and other items on neglected tropical diseases, and does not reflect the work or the views of the Neglected Tropical Diseases Support Center.  


African Renaissance Monument outside Dakar, Senegal is lit up in honour of World NTD Day.

PHOTO/CREDIT: Sightsavers

Lymphatic filariasis

Spatial variation in lymphatic filariasis risk factors of hotspot zones in Ghana

Efiba Vidda Senkyire Kwarteng et al.
BMC Public Health
The models predicted high suitable environments for LF transmission in the short grass savanna (northern) and coastal (southern) areas of Ghana. Mainly, land cover and socioeconomic variables such as proximity to inland water bodies and population density uniquely influenced LF transmission in the south. At the same time, poor housing was a distinctive risk factor in the north. Precipitation, temperature, slope, and poverty were common risk factors but with subtle variations in response values, which were confirmed by the countrywide model.

Risk factors for lymphatic filariasis and mass drug administration non-participation in Mandalay Region, Myanmar

Benjamin F. R. Dickson et al.
Parasites & Vectors
These results contribute to the understanding of LF and MDA participation-related risk factors and will assist Myanmar to improve its elimination and morbidity management programmes.


Community perceptions and attitudes regarding epilepsy and disease cost after implementation of . . .treatment . . .in the Congo

Alfred Dusabimana et al.
Epilepsy Behavior
Nine FGDs and 16 SSIs were conducted. There was a notable shift in perceptions and attitudes, as most community members no longer believed that epilepsy is contagious, while acknowledging that this condition can be treated in local health centers. Persons with epilepsy and their family experienced less epilepsy-related stigma and consulted less frequently traditional healers; the latter showed a growing willingness to collaborate with health professionals in the management of PWE.

What does the COVID-19 pandemic mean for the next decade of onchocerciasis control and elimination?

Jonathan I D Hamley
Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Programmes with shorter (annual MDA) treatment histories should be prioritised for remedial biannual MDA. Increases in microfilarial load could have short- and long-term morbidity and mortality repercussions.


Disruptions to schistosomiasis programmes due to COVID-19: an analysis of potential impact and mitigation strategies

Klodeta Kura, Diepreye Ayabina, Jaspreet Toor, T Deirdre Hollingsworth and Roy M Anderson
Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
For both S. mansoni and S. haematobium in moderate- and some high-prevalence settings, the disruption may delay the goal by up to 2 y. In some high-prevalence settings, EPHP is not achievable with current strategies and so the disruption will not impact this. Here, increasing SAC coverage and treating adults can achieve the goal. The impact of MDA disruption and the appropriate mitigation strategy varies according to the baseline prevalence prior to treatment, the burden of infection in adults and the stage of the programme.

Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification in Schistosomiasis

Juan García-Bernalt Diego, Pedro Fernández-Soto, Begoña Febrer-Sendra, Beatriz Crego-Vicente and Antonio Muro
Journal of Clinical Medicine
Here, we present the recent developments in LAMP-based schistosomiasis diagnosis. We expose the main advantages and disadvantages of LAMP technology over PCR and other classical diagnostic methods focusing in various research approaches on intermediate hosts, animal models and patients. We also examine its potential clinical application in post-therapy monitoring, as well as its usefulness as a point-of-care test.

World NTD Day—Ending the Neglect of Neglected Tropical Diseases

Case Study: The Schistosomiasis Research Landscape Highlights include: NIAID-supported researcher Dr. Christi Parham from Lynntech, Inc. is currently developing a battery-powered PCR diagnostic for schistosomiasis that is sensitive enough to identify low levels of infection and can distinguish between past and present infections. NIAID-funded principal investigator Erik Loker from the University of New Mexico is studying the ecology of schistosomiasis at Lake Victoria and exploring alternative methods of snail control. Dr. Loker’s innovative approach focuses on identifying ways to target the parasite within the infected snail. An NIAID-supported Phase I clinical trial to assess the safety and immunogenicity of the candidate vaccine is in development.

Prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infection in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Siraj Hussen, Demissie Assegu, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse and Techalew Shimelis
Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
The review unveiled a moderate prevalence of S. mansoni infection in Ethiopia. . . . The trend analysis showed that the prevalence of S. mansoni infection in Ethiopia decreased over the past 15 years, potentially because of the repeated preventive chemotherapy.

The END Fund And Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany Bolster Rwanda’s Plan To Eliminate Schistosomiasis By 2024

Tegan Mosugu
African Media Agency
The END Fund, a private philanthropic initiative solely dedicated to ending the five most common neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), today announced their partnership with Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, a leading science and technology company, to provide Rwanda with 8 million additional tablets of praziquantel per year. The tablets are needed for treating adults endangered by schistosomiasis. The new partnership supports and amplifies commitments made in Rwanda’s NTD Strategic Plan, which aims to eliminate schistosomiasis and other NTDs as a public health problem by 2024.

Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis

DOH-Bicol targets 2.4M youth for deworming activity

Connie Calipay
Philippine News Agency
The Department of Health Center for Health Development (DOH-CHD) in Bicol has started its region-wide deworming activity as part of the 2021 National Deworming Month this January to combat and manage the spread of the Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis (STH). Ma. Francia Genorga, DOH Bicol, Food and Waterborne disease coordinator, in an interview on Friday said at least 2.4 million young people aged 1 to 19 years old are the target beneficiaries for the deworming activity in the region.

Effects of Soil-Transmitted Helminths and Intestinal Protozoan Infections on Haemoglobin Levels among School-Aged Children . .

Frederick Nchang Cho et al.
Journal of Parasitology Research
Soil-transmitted helminths are known to affect both growth and haemoglobin levels. In this study, we determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and explored its association with anaemia in school-aged children (SAC). . . . oil-transmitted helminths, intestinal protozoan infections, and anaemia are prevalent in the study area. Anaemia was observed to be associated with STH, intestinal protozoa, and the communities under study.

Assessment of fecal calprotectin and fecal occult blood as point-of-care markers for soil-transmitted helminth . . . morbidity.

Chandni Patel et al.
The objective of this study was to evaluate Fecal Calprotectin (FC) and Fecal Occult Blood (FOB) in individuals infected and non-infected with STHs to identify potential intestinal morbidity markers. Among all participants tested, 18·5% had ≥ 50 µg/g FC concentration, while 14 (1·2%) were positive for FOB. No statistically significant association was found between T. trichiura infection or Ascaris lumbricoides co-infection and FC concentration, while an inverse association (odds ratio (OR): 0·45, 95% credible intervals (CrI): 0·26, 0·75) was found between hookworm co-infection and FC concentration. In Lao PDR, the proportion of participants in the ≥ 50 µg/g FC category was significantly higher in the oldest age category compared to the 5–11 years group (OR: 3·31, 95% CrI: 1·62, 7·24).

Assessment of the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated habit and culture-related risk factors among . .

Gedamu Gebreamlak Hailu and Esubalew Tesfahun Ayele
BMC Public Health
Among the 645 children participated in the study, 341 (52.9%) were infected by one or more intestinal parasites. Helminths (33.8%) were more prevalent than protozoa (20%). Double parasitic infection rate was 0.9%. The predominant parasites were Ascaris lumbricoides (22.6%), Entamoeba histolytica/dispar/moshkovskii (18.1%) and Hymenolepis nana (5.7%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age of child (6–9 years), family size (above 5), mother’s illiteracy and primary education, father’s illiteracy, urban-farmer father, manual-worker father, not washing hands before eating, unclean fingers, open defecation site (ODS) near residence, latrine type, cultural response to dropped food (cleaning and eating; ‘kiss and replace’), habit of playing with waste water, habit of playing with soil, habit of sucking fingers and habit of eating when playing were significantly associated with IPIs (p< 0.05). Likewise, age (6–9 years), mother’s illiteracy, urban-farmer father, not washing hands before eating, ODS near residence, tradition of cleaning and eating dropped food, habit of playing with soil, sucking fingers and eating when playing were identified as significant risk factors of A. lumbricoides infection.

Intestinal parasites in child and youth populations of Argentina: Environmental factors determining geographic distribution

Paola Cociancic et al.
Revista Argentina de Microbiología
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the environmental variables that act as risk factors for intestinal parasitosis in children and youths in Argentina. Infection by protozoa, and by G. lamblia in particular, was greater when the mean summer temperature was higher (OR=1.2 for both). Blastocystis sp. and geohelminths were greater due to an increase in isothermality (OR=1.1 and 1.2, respectively). The risk of infection with Ascaris lumbricoides was associated with an increase in the temperature in the wettest quarter (OR=1.2). Hookworm infection was associated with an increase in the normalized difference vegetation index (OR=32.5). Most of participants infected with hookworms lived in areas with abundant arboreal-shrubby and agropastoral use vegetation.


What It Takes to End Trachoma: Q&A with Pfizer, Nigerian Team Lead, and The Task Force

The Task Force for Global Health
We spoke to Pfizer’s Director of International Product Access Julie Jenson, MPH, ITI Director Paul Emerson, PhD, and Nigeria’s Trachoma Program Manager Nicholas Olobio, MD, about the ITI partnership, successes, and reaching the 2030 goal.

How collaboration can eliminate trachoma by 2030

Caroline Harper
Virgin Unite (England)
Below, Caroline writes about how governments, donors, partners, health workers and thousands of volunteers collaborate to ensure treatment for trachoma reaches the people who need it.

In the midst of a pandemic, Nigeria battles to end a painful blinding disease

Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani and Nita Bhalla
Thomson Reuters Foundation
Joy Shu’iabu, director of programs for the charity Sightsavers in Nigeria, said the pandemic had been a challenge, with all NTD activities initially suspended during the country’s lockdown. “We had to make sure that we followed all the guidelines and that our staff and communities were safe before we could start services again,” she said. “We are now building up gradually ... I would say our activities are running at 60% pre-COVID levels.”


World NTD Day 2021: highlights from around the world

On 30 January 2021, Sightsavers staff around the world celebrated World NTD Day, which kickstarted a momentous decade in the fight against neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). To mark this year’s World NTD Day, iconic buildings around the world, including the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt and the African Renaissance Monument in Senegal, were lit up.

Students: Join us for an NTD Hackathon

Neglected Tropical Diseases Support Center
While NTD programs are reaching large numbers of people, they aren’t perfect. For example, NTDs are preventable and treatable, but oftentimes people are unwilling to accept treatment due to disturbing rumors or misinformation they have heard. The Task Force for Global Health is hosting a virtual hackathon, “Spread Truth, Not Disease,” on April 17 to solve this global health communication challenge that countries face today.

Supply Chains: The Critical Backbone of NTD programs

The Task Force for Global Health
Question: What does it take to deliver at least 1.5 billion doses of medicine to over 70 countries each year? Answer: A first-rate supply chain.

Nasarawa: Health ministry releases programmes to tackle NTDs

Mohammed Yangida
Blueprint (Nigeria)
He said with the support from the Ministry and the Carter center, the state programme intends to mobilise and train 390 health workers, 10 health facility staff, 2,540 school teachers, 737 community directed distribution, 42 school supervisors as well as 13 social mobilisation officers. Yahaya said the state also intends to treat 560,00 school age children for schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminthes.

A New Roadmap To End Neglected Diseases Of Poverty

Madhukar Pai
January 30th is World NTD Day, which aims to raise global awareness about the urgent need to end Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). I interviewed Dr Mwele Malecela, Director, Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization (WHO) about why NTDs matter, her journey, as an African scientist, in leading the fight, and the new WHO road map released today, which outlines a new strategic approach for ending NTDs. The roadmap aims to reduce the number of people requiring interventions against NTDs by 90% by 2030.

The history of the neglected tropical disease movement

David H Molyneux, Anarfi Asamoa-Bah, Alan Fenwick, Lorenzo Savioli and Peter Hotez
Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
The history of the neglected tropical disease movement is seen through the lens of authors who worked during the last 4 decades in different roles and in different settings, from Western-based laboratories to clinical roles in endemic countries and in critical policy roles in the World Health Organization (WHO). . . The critical events and decisions are highlighted that were essential enabling factors in creating a viable and successful movement and with a resultant massive global public health and antipoverty impact.

The impact of climate change on neglected tropical diseases: a systematic review

Rachel Tidman, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, and Rafael Ruiz de Castañeda
Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Improving our understanding of how climate change influences NTDs can help identify populations at risk to include in future public health interventions. Articles were identified by searching electronic databases for reports of climate change and NTDs between 1 January 2010 and 1 March 2020. Climate change may influence the emergence and re-emergence of multiple NTDs, particularly those that involve a vector or intermediate host for transmission. Although specific predictions are conflicting depending on the geographic area, the type of NTD and associated vectors and hosts, it is anticipated that multiple NTDs will have changes in their transmission period and geographic range and will likely encroach on regions and populations that have been previously unaffected. There is a need for improved surveillance and monitoring to identify areas of NTD incursion and emergence and include these in future public health interventions.

Special Issue: Neglected Tropical Diseases: Planning for the Next Decade of Progress

Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
With the launch of the World Health Organization 2030 Roadmap and the second World NTD Day, Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene has published this timely special edition of the journal to share plans for the next decade.

Neglected tropical diseases: WHO launches new road map to end suffering by 2030

Ashok Moloo
World Health Organization
A summary of the World Health Organization Roadmap Launch event-The two-hour event comprised ‘voices from the field’ where patients and health care workers briefly shared their stories, video clips about progress achieved under WHO’s first road map from 2012-2020, comments by former NTD Directors as well as three panel discussion on: Achievements from 2012-2020 How has partnership catalyzed success Ending the neglect: the new NTD road map

WASH inclusion in new NTD roadmap signals 'a paradigm shift'

Amruta Byatnal
The inclusion of a water, sanitation, and hygiene indicator in the World Health Organization’s new neglected tropical disease roadmap 2021-2030 signals a shift in attitude toward WASH’s importance, but will require even greater coordination, experts say. “This is a paradigm shift for the NTD and broader health community in terms of being more cross-sectoral and this really shows there is a changing focus among the NTD community toward these environmental determinants of health,” said Kelly Bridges, senior associate at Global Water 2020, adding that it’s a call to action for implementing organizations and donors toward coordination.

Motorbike drivers raise community awareness to control NTDs in Senegal

FHI 360
In response, Dr. Papa Saliou Ndoye, the Linguère health district’s chief medical officer and the person overseeing the campaign there, gave the drivers campaign T-shirts and hats to increase the campaign’s visibility. Wearing these clothes, the drivers traveled around the city of Linguère, raising awareness about the campaign and encouraging community members to participate. They also convinced automobile taxi drivers to join their awareness-raising activities. “The Linguère health district successfully reached its campaign objectives much earlier than in previous years, thanks to the awareness-raising efforts of the Jakarta motorbike drivers,” said Dr. Saliou Ndoye.

RSTMH and Sightsavers announce three-year partnership to highlight research and progress on tackling NTDs

The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine &Hygiene
RSTMH is delighted to announce a new three-year partnership with Sightsavers. This partnership will use RSTMH’s scientific journals and other communications channels to help disseminate the key outputs and learnings of Sightsavers’ lead programmes, in the hope that it will support others to take strides towards eliminating NTDs, strengthening healthcare building blocks and ensuring no one is left behind.

Innovation and collaboration can help to eliminate neglected tropical diseases (NTD)

Farhat Mantoo and Suman Rijal
ET Health World (India)
This progress is thanks to a WHO-supported regional alliance established by the governments of India, Bangladesh, and Nepal in 2005 to expedite early diagnosis and treatment of the most vulnerable populations and improve disease surveillance and control of sandfly populations. It is also thanks to partnership for innovation. MSF and DNDi research collaborations with Indian partners like the Indian Council for Medical Research and National Vector Borne Disease Control programme have helped replace lengthy, toxic, arduous treatments with safer new treatment options that have shortened treatment time, allowed patients to be treated closer to home, and made it simpler for patients to take the full course of treatment.


Shaping Africa’s Next Generation of NTD Researchers

The Task Force for Global Health
African researchers from Malawi, Ethiopia, Benin and Kenya share their stories in a video called “Research for Africans, by Africans.” Each received funding from the African Researchers’ Small Grants Program, which supports professionals in African research institutions or universities who are conducting studies to address emerging challenges facing programs in their countries to address neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).

Gathering Evidence for Animals as Dengue Reservoirs

Emily Robie
Duke One Health
The authors note that dengue infections have been identified in human populations in 128 countries, with an estimated 390 million annual cases of which only 25% appear as symptomatic. Though many dengue interventions focus on controlling mosquito populations as known vectors of the virus, less attention has been placed on the potential of non-primate species to serve as reservoir hosts. Following PRISMA guidelines, this systematic review identified peer-reviewed observational, seroprevalence, cross-sectional, and case-control studies that carried out direct dengue or flavivirus testing on various animal groups.

World Leprosy Day: Inside Nigeria’s ‘neglected’ Leprosy community

Ebuka Onyeji
Premium Times (Nigeria)
World Leprosy Day is celebrated on the last Sunday of January every year with the aim of raising more awareness about a disease that many people believe is extinct. It is not only the disease that is overlooked, but also those affected by it such as the Alheri community. After Nigeria met the WHO benchmark in 2000, efforts against leprosy faltered and investment diminished heavily as the disease stood no chance against the likes of HIV/AIDs, tuberculosis, and malaria which has remained top priorities. The number of new cases of Leprosy were 210, 671 globally as at 2017, with Nigeria accounting for 2,447 new cases. There is no available data showing the total number of people currently living with the disease in Nigeria but what is clear is that leprosy is still being transmitted, and due to its nature, the disease could lead to disabilities before diagnosis is confirmed.

Bad news for Guinea worms

Hilary Hurd
The first of two pieces of good news just reported by the Carter Foundation is that, in 2020, the number of human cases fell to just 27 worldwide. This is a drop of 50% since the year before, despite the logistical problems caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. Chad and Ethiopia had the majority of cases, with only one case reported in each of South Sudan, Angola, Mali, and Cameroon. In addition, infections in animals fell by 20%. 1570 cases of animal infections were recorded, with cats and baboons, as well as dogs, infected. . . . Substantial renewed support of $10M for the Carter Center’s Guinea worm eradication programme has been announced by His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, following the 30th anniversary of the organization’s partnership with the United Arab Emirates.

Lessons Learned and Looking Forward: What’s Next for the Center for Global Health in 2021?

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Among the most critical lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic is that national security requires health security. While we know that progress in global health security preparedness and response is possible, the COVID-19 pandemic calls us to take stock of the work that remains. Two-thirds of all countries are not prepared to respond to outbreaks and other public health emergencies. The global shift towards urbanization is bringing people closer together in often crowded cities, increasing opportunities for infectious diseases to be introduced and outbreaks to affect large numbers of people and spread quickly. In addition, disease outbreaks, such as the recent Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, can occur in politically unstable regions, creating special control challenges. The Center for Global Health is focused on improving the health, safety, and security of Americans while reducing morbidity and mortality worldwide.

Stepping Up in a Year That Called for Action: FY2020 Annual Report

The Task Force for Global Health
The year started off like many others, with Task Force teams setting goals to eliminate diseases, ensure access to vaccines and essential medicines, and strengthen health systems in more than 150 countries. Little did we know what the year held in store. . . . In this time of crisis, The Task Force was well-positioned to respond. In some cases we pivoted our work but many of our programs did exactly what they were designed to do, drawing upon our core values: global health equity and social justice; collaboration; consequential compassion; and stewardship of the resources entrusted to us.

Gender Based Analysis for Climate Change and Vector Borne Disease Online Short Course: Feb. 22 – Mar. 26, 2021

African Regional Training Centre
The University of Ghana, School of Public Health, with support from TDR, the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, has developed an online course aimed at developing skills in gender-based analysis (GBA) for vector-borne diseases and climate change research. The GBA short course is designed to strengthen capacity among Public Health researchers, practitioners, programmers and policy makers across the African continent towards improved design and implementation of gender-sensitive health policies, projects and research. Deadline for submission of application: February 12th, 2021 at 17:00 GMT.


The new COVID-19 poor and the neglected tropical diseases resurgence

Peter J. Hotez, Alan Fenwick and David Molyneux
Infectious Diseases of Poverty
More than 100 million people are facing a return to extreme poverty because of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), while new estimates suggest that three nations—India, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo—may suffer the greatest economic contractions. Such findings will have profound consequences in terms of our ability to control or eliminate the most widely prevalent neglected tropical diseases.

Delays in lymphatic filariasis elimination programmes due to COVID-19, and possible mitigation strategies

Joaquín M Prada et al.
Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
The delay in achieving the elimination goals is on average similar to the number of years the treatment rounds are missed. Enhanced interventions implemented for as little as 1 y can allow catch-up on the progress lost and, if maintained throughout the programme, can lead to acceleration of up to 3 y. In general, a short delay in the programme does not cause a major delay in achieving the goals. Impact is strongest in high-endemicity areas. Mitigation strategies such as biannual treatment or increased coverage are key to minimizing the impact of the disruption once the programme resumes and lead to potential acceleration should these enhanced strategies be maintained.

Mectizan Expert Committee Statement on Mectizan Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Mectizan Donation Program
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought interest from the media and an increase in publications on the action of ivermectin on SARS-Cov-2 viral replication. While we recognize the importance of COVID-19 interventions, Mectizan is donated strictly and solely for onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis elimination in the 50 endemic partner countries that have applied and been approved for Mectizan by the MEC. Merck & Co., Inc.* manufactures Mectizan, and Mectizan is approved for use, in the appropriate dose, specifically for the treatment of onchocerciasis (river blindness) and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis). The Mectizan Donation Program provides treatments with the clear understanding that donated Mectizan will only be used for these two diseases through mass drug distribution programs. Use of donated Mectizan for any other indication and at unauthorized doses is strictly prohibited and can be dangerous.

What COVID-19 has taught us about health for all

Cristina Bisson and Noemi Bautista
As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to strain health systems around the world, the top priority has rightly been the immediate emergency response — but these efforts do not exist in a vacuum, and near-term recovery is not the only thing at stake. Countries’ reactions to COVID-19 should accelerate health systems interventions that not only help them recover from the pandemic, but also help ensure universal health coverage, or UHC, in the future.


NOTE - Events may be postponed or cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Please check with event organizers to confirm events.

FREE ONLINE COURSE: Improving the Health of Women, Children and Adolescents: from Evidence to Action.
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine 

FREE ONLINE COURSE: Neglected tropical diseases in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: impact and guidance
World Health Organization

Noma-a disease that shouldn't exist anymore 
February 11, 2021 Webinar
International Society for Neglected Tropical Diseases

Systematizing the One Health Approach in Preparedness and Response Efforts for Infectious Disease Outbreaks - A Virtual Workshop
February 23-25, 2021
NASEM Health and Medicine

Gender Based Analysis for Climate Change and Vector Borne Disease Online Short Course
February 22- March 26, 2021; Deadline for submission of application: February 12th, 2021
African Regional Training Centre

SAVE THE DATE: ISNTD d³ 2021 (Drug discovery, development & diagnostics for NTDs)
February 24-25, 2021 
International Society for Neglected Tropical Diseases

SAVE THE DATE: ISNTD Festival 2021
March 24-25, 2021
International Society for Neglected Tropical Diseases

Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting 2021 
June 20-26, 2021
The Commonwealth

World Field Epidemiology Day 
September 7, 2021
Training Programs in Epidemiology and Public Health Interventions Network