Is Preventive Chemotherapy for NTDs Really “Pro-Poor?”: Insights from the Demographic and Health Surveys
To use DHS data from 40 countries to examine the extent to which deworming of children 1-4 years is associated with: 1) a range of individual- and family-related socioeconomic indicators, including wealth quintile and maternal education; and 2) access to health systems that could provide opportunities for deworming, independent of family-level socioeconomic status.
Sustaining the Gains of NTD elimination programs through focused support of community drug distributors
To sustain the gains of active community drug distributors (CDDs) by enhancing their performance through intervention at the individual, community and primary health care center levels to reach NTD elimination and control goals.
Development of a molecular diagnostic method for soil-transmitted helminthiases: Epidemiological implications for disease control
To improve STH detection by developing a reliable and easy to perform molecular diagnostic test for epidemiological surveillance and post-elimination monitoring of STH
The DeWorm3 Project is a series of hybrid trials testing the feasibility of interrupting the transmission of soil transmitted helminths (STH), while conducting implementation science research that contextualizes clinical research findings and provides guidance on opportunities to optimize delivery of STH interventions.
The purpose of DeWorm3 implementation science studies is to ensure rapid and efficient translation of evidence into practice. Research methods include: (1) stakeholder mapping and network analysis, (2) qualitative research, (3) structural readiness surveys, (4) process mapping, and (5) economic evaluation (costing and cost-effectiveness).
Implementation science research aims include:
1)To systematically identify stakeholders influencing standard of care targeted and community-wide MDA and map their potential role and involvement in scale-up of community-wide MDA for STH.
2)To identify implementation-related barriers and facilitators to community-wide MDA for STH from the perspective of various stakeholders.
3)To quantify the readiness of the health system to deliver community-wide MDA for STH programs.
4)To map the intervention delivery process and identify any discrepancies between planned and implemented activities in order to optimize the trial intervention.
5)To compare the financial and economic costs and incremental cost-effectiveness of community-wide and targeted MDA for STH in the short- and long-term.
The Starworms project aims to strengthen the monitoring and surveillance of drug efficacy and anthelmintic resistance in soil-transmitted helminth (STH) programs. As such, it will support deworming programs in their quest to eliminate STHs as a public health problem by 2020. The specific objectives are (1) to validate diagnostic tools to monitor drug efficacy and the spread of anthelmintic resistance, (2) to create a surveillance system that monitors the global patterns of drug efficacy and spread of anthelmintic resistance in STH programs, and (3) to develop supporting tools to plan, analyze and follow up on surveys on drug efficacy and the spread of anthelmintic resistance.
How do we motivate community drug distributors (CDDs)?
To determine if a standardized multi-parallel-PCR assay is a more sensitive diagnostic tool for detecting Hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus), Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Strongyloides stercoralis, and Schistosoma mansoni prevalence compared to the Kato-Katz stool test.
Which strategies best strengthen strategic decision making for resilient and responsive health systems at the district level in Ghana, Malawi, Uganda and Tanzania?
How to best support close-to-community providers in their critical interface role between health systems and communities
What are the best approaches to develop sustainable and equitable approaches to human resources for health, health financing and governance in post conflict health systems?