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Displaying 121 - 150 of 300

STH Diagnostic Comparison: PCR vs. Kato-Katz, Uganda

To determine if a standardized multi-parallel-PCR assay is a more sensitive diagnostic tool for detecting Hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus), Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Strongyloides stercoralis, and Schistosoma mansoni prevalence compared to the Kato-Katz stool test.

Countries: Cameroon

The Impact of an Enhanced Antibiotic Treatment Regimen on Trachoma in Amhara, Ethiopia

What are the differences at 1 year post-baseline in the prevalence of trachoma and Ct infection in villages randomized to an enhanced antibiotic treatment regimen characterized by a routine community-wide MDA followed by two rounds of treatment targeted to children 6 months to 9 years in quick succession (1-2 weeks apart) compared to villages randomized to annual standard-of-care community-wide MDA?

Countries: Ethiopia
Diseases: Trachoma

Life on the edge: tackling Africa HAT on the edge of wilderness areas

LSTM |

Our proposal will study the interaction between humans, livestock and wildlife and the role of this transition zone in the transmission of trypanosomes at the edge of the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania. To assess whether focussed control of tsetse is effective, we will develop mathematical models of the transmission of trypanosomes in the transition zone from wildlife-dominated areas on the park boundaries through to livestock-dominated areas outside the parks. The models will enable us to predict the likely extent, duration and cost of interventions required to interrupt the transmission of trypanosomes at boundary areas. 

Countries: Tanzania

Molecular Characterisation of Anopheles gambiae Heme Oxygenase

LSTM |

Understanding how mosquitoes survive a blood meal

Countries:

Refining, reducing and replacing in vivo WHO-standard preclinical assays of snake venom pathology and antivenom efficacy

LSTM |

Refining, reducing and replacing in vivo WHO-standard preclinical assays of snake venom pathology and antivenom efficacy

Countries:
Diseases: Snakebite

Mechanism to reverse the neglect of snakebite victims

LSTM |

To understand the mechanism to reverse the neglect of snakebite victim

Countries:
Diseases: Snakebite

Use of tiny targets to control HAT in Chad

LSTM |

Explore the use of tiny targets to control Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) in Chad

Countries: Chad

Integrated HAT control - a model district in DRC

LSTM |

Determine the effectiveness of integrated control of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) in a model district in DRC

Countries: Dem. Rep. of Congo

Effectiveness of tiny target technology in controlling tsetse vectors for HAT

LSTM |

To determine the effectiveness of tiny target technology in controlling tsetse vectors for Human African Trypanomiasis

Countries:

Lead on social science

LSTM |

Determine the best health systems approaches for:

1. Improved planning and delivery of integrated programmes; 
2. Increased and sustained access to NTD drugs; 
3. Harmonised inter-sectoral approach; and 
4. Strong and generalisable evidence base for integrated elimination and control of NTDs.

 

Countries:

Molecular tools for insecticide resistance diagnosis in phlebotomine sandflies for sustainable leishmaniasis control and elimination programme

LSTM |

Developing new diagnostic tools to monitor insecticide resistance in sandflies in India

Countries: India
Diseases: Leishmaniasis

Improving the impact of IRS for Visceral Leishmaniasis with enabling integrated decision support systems

LSTM |

Improving effectiveness of vector control against Visceral Leishmaniasis

Countries:
Diseases: Leishmaniasis

Insecticide resistance in dengue vectors, Jeddah

LSTM |

Defining the insecticide resistance status of dengue vectors in Jeddah and Makkah; essential prerequisite to developing an effective response in the event of an outbreak in these important sites.

Countries: Saudi Arabia

Mapping schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Namibia

LSTM |

Assessing treatment needs for school-aged children and assisting Ministry of Health to develop an effective control programme

Countries: Namibia

Drug formulation for pre-school children

LSTM |

Understanding the basic pharmacology of praziquantel tailored to paediatric setting and developing a treatment access plan for this age class

Countries:

COUNTDOWN Calling

LSTM |

Helping increase and sustain the scale-up of preventive chemotherapy campaigns in West and Central Africa

Countries:

A-WOL Macrofilaricidal Drug Discovery

LSTM |

Deliver at least one novel pre-clinical candidate capable of delivering a macrofilaricide treatment for onchocerciasis (and lymphatic filariasis) within a seven-day treatment period or less.

Countries:

Optimizing and implementing A·WOL macrofilaricidal drugs and regimes

LSTM |

Establish the best registered drug for deployment as a macrofilaricide alone and/or in combination with standard anti-filarial drugs.

Countries:

AWOL Discovery Supplemental Award

LSTM |

Late lead optimisation

Countries:

Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT): 2014-2016 Anti-Wolbachia lead optimisation

LSTM |

Establish the most promising template for final lead optimization from a screen of >10000 compounds from the BioFocus library which revealed compounds with very good anti-Wolbachia activity.

Countries:

Strengthen the capacity of the 5 African university departments hosting the MCDC programme

LSTM |

To strengthen the capacity of the 5 African university departments hosting the Malaria Capacity Development Consortium (MCDC) programme

Countries: Senegal | Mali | Gambia | Ghana

Studies on the glycosylation of metacyclic trypanosomes

LSTM |

The development of Trypanosoma brucei within the tsetse vector is accompanied by the expression of several stage-specific families of GPI-anchored surface glycoproteins. We recently discovered that saliva from T.brucei-infected tsetse flies is enriched with Brucei Alanine-Rich Proteins (BARP), VSG and a novel family of GPI-anchored surface glycoproteins. The latter are phylogenetically grouped within the Clade IV of family 50 of trypanosome surface proteins and are encoded by five paralogs, whose products are over 90% identical in sequence. Immunofluorescence and transcript analysis showed that Clade IV proteins are expressed on the surface of metacyclic trypanosomes and also on epimastigotes and pre-metacyclic forms although in lower abundance. This expression pattern opposes that of BARP, which is highly expressed in the epimastigote stage and diminishes during differentiation to metacyclics. Because Clade IV proteins are almost identical in sequence and are heavily expressed in the metacyclic stage, we named them Metacyclic Invariant.

Countries:
Diseases: Leishmaniasis

Novel immuno-proteomic strategies to develop a polyspecific, non-cold chain liquid snake antivenom with unparalleled sub-Saharan African efficacy

LSTM |

To develop a polyspecific, non-cold chain liquid snake antivenom with unparalleled sub-Saharan African efficacy

Countries:
Diseases: Snakebite

Evaluation and Control of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in KSA

LSTM |

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is exclusively transmitted by the bite of a female sand fly. In collaboration with the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health, we have developed a programme aiming to prevent and control CL in this country. The programme focuses, among other aspects, in developing a rapid diagnostic test based on the patient’s anti-alpha-Gal response, and in identifying markers for disease exposure. We recently found evidence that treatment efficacy against Old World CL varies with parasite species, geographical locations and the development of secondary infections. This has implications on the treatment of this debilitating disease. The severity of a leishmaniasis ulcer partly depends on the patient’s previous exposure to sand fly bites. This explains the increased protection against CL in individuals living in CL-endemic areas and supports development of potential vaccine models based on sand fly salivary proteins. Furthermore, Old World CL patients produce high levels of anti-Gal antibodies (i.e. recognise terminal alpha-galactosyl epitopes). This discovery is currently being exploited for the making of rapid diagnostic tools and a potential protective glycovaccine model against CL. We hope that these tools can soon be applied in other CL-endemic countries, including refugee settings.

Countries: Saudi Arabia
Diseases: Leishmaniasis

Doxycycline for Clinical Management of Filarial Lymphedema (India)

Determine whether doxycycline treatment daily for 6 weeks improves clinical outcomes (swelling, acute attacks) in lymphedema patients.

Countries: India

Impact of Malaria Vector Control & Status of Lymphatic Filariasis Transmission in the Lake Zone of Tanzania

To assess filarial exposure in the study population and mosquito infection status prior to and after the start of intensified malaria control interventions.

Countries: Tanzania

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