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NTD ConnectOR ~ Advanced search

Displaying 61 - 90 of 291

Addressing the Mental Health of Persons Living with Lymphatic Filariasis in Léogâne, Haiti: Effectiveness of a Chronic Disease Self-Management Program

Intervention: The primary aim of this project is to determine if the introduction of a Chronic Disease Self-Management curriculum into existing Hope Clubs in Léogâne, Haiti will result in improvements in symptoms of depression, self-rated health, chronic disease self-efficacy, social support, and disability.

Formative: What are the barriers that prevent people with LF from participating in Hope Clubs?

Countries: Haiti

Coverage Evaluation Survey and Supervisor's Coverage Tool Implementation in Kenya for Triple Drug Therapy

Coverage Evaluation Survey

Is coverage, or a combination of coverage and systematic non-compliance, more effective than a diagnostic tool at predicting when it is safe to stop triple drug therapy?

Supervisor's Coverage Tool

Is the use of the SCT during IDA feasible to implement at the sub-county scale and does it lead to increased coverage?

Countries: Kenya

Operational research to develop an M&E strategy to guide triple drug stopping decisions for lymphatic filariasis in Egypt

What is the indicator(s) and accompanying monitoring and evaluation (M&E) strategy that enables country programs to determine when the risk of ongoing transmission of LF has been reduced so that IDA can be stopped with little risk of resurgence of transmission?

Countries: Egypt

Towards sustainability of Schistosomiasis Control: improving health of lake shore communities and engaging civil society structures, educational and health facilities in the hyper-endemic area of Mwanza, Tanzania

Schistosomiasis is among the neglected tropical diseases which are highly endemic in Tanzania, especially along and on the Island of Lake Victoria, in northwestern region. After Nigeria, Tanzania is second country in sub-Saharan Africa for having the highest prevalence of schistosomiasis infection and it is estimated that 52% of approximately 50 million people are living with the disease. Current control strategies in Tanzania focus on mass drug administration (MDA) of Praziquantel (PZQ) mainly in school children. Despite of these efforts, the burden of disease remains high, showing local infection rates of up to 97% among school children. School- based MDA alone is unlikely to have a lasting effect on transmission. Awareness creation and engagement across sectors and of civil society (cooperatives, community councils) structures will help to achieve more sustainable results. The objective of this project is to engage affected communities and civil society structures representing risk population (cooperatives, beach management units) to create awareness through e.g. CHAST (children’s hygiene and sanitation training), participation in control activities and improved health seeking behaviors. Secondarily, the study aims to institutionalize measures for early diagnosis and treatment in health facilities of Nyamagana and Ilemela district, along the Lake Victoria, northwestern Tanzania.

Countries: Tanzania
Diseases: Schistosomiasis

Operational research to develop an M&E strategy to guide triple drug stopping decisions for lymphatic filariasis in Kenya

  • What is the indicator(s) and accompanying M&E strategy that enables country programs to determine when the risk of ongoing transmission of lymphatic filariasis has been reduced so that triple drug therapy with ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine, and albendazole (IDA) can be stopped with little risk of resurgence of transmission?
  • Can the use of a tailored social mobilization package be used to strengthen community and health system participation and achieve >80% coverage for IDA in Kenya?
Countries: Kenya

Processing Ov16 ELISA for Oncho Elimination Mapping

Would the same programmatic decisions for Oncho Elimination Mapping be made based off of the Ov16 rapid diagnostic test results as compared to the Ov16 SD ELISA results?

Countries: Kenya | Malawi | Burundi
Diseases: Onchocerciasis

Lymphatic Filariasis Positive-Case Follow-up After TAS 2 in Haiti

To identify the sampling strategy for positive case follow-up after TAS 2 and TAS 3 that optimizes the chances of correctly identifying evidence of ongoing transmission, while saving program resources.

Countries: Haiti

Improving Access to Mass Drug Administration for Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination using a Participatory Approach among Communities of Coastal Kenya

To assess the socio-economic factors contributing to low access to MDA, to identify the existing health services opportunities and other outlets specific to various socio-economic groups that could be used for improving access to MDA, and to develop feasible field-applicable strategies that can be used to reach groups with consistently low access to MDA.

Countries: Kenya

Development of Tools to Re-Orient Social Mobilization Strategies to Close the MDA Coverage-Compliance Gap

To improve compliance and reduce the coverage-compliance gap in mass drug administration through enhanced and tailored social mobilization.

Countries: Indonesia

Equitable access to Mass Drug Administration for trachoma elimination: an ethnographic study to understand factors associated with low coverage in Kenya and Tanzania

Main objectives are firstly to identify and understand better the factors behind low and unequal MDA coverage and compliance in trachoma endemic areas in Tanzania and Kenya with nomadic populations, secondly to prioritize factors in terms of amenability to intervention. The researcher will then use the evidence generated to design specific interventions that could improve the reach and impact of campaigns of Zithromax MDA in both countries.  While there are contextual differences between nomadic societies throughout Africa, research among the Masai in Tanzania and Kenya should inform programme services in other settings with nomadic populations. Particular attention will be given to gender-sensitivity; that is, interventions that will improve access and use by women as well as men.

Countries: Kenya | Tanzania
Diseases: Trachoma

Operational research to develop an M&E strategy to guide triple drug stopping decisions for lymphatic filariasis in Samoa

  • What is the indicator(s) and accompanying M&E strategy that enables country programs to determine when the risk of ongoing transmission of lymphatic filariasis (LF) has been reduced so that triple drug therapy with ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine, and albendazoe (IDA) can be stopped with little risk of resurgence of transmission?
  • To develop an M&E strategy that enables Samoa’s LF elimination program to determine when the risk of ongoing transmission of LF has been reduced so that IDA can be stopped with little risk of resurgence of transmission
  • What is the effectiveness of appropriately dosed IDA in clearing Mf from Mf positive people who (i) reported taking IDA in August 2018, and (ii) did not report recently taking IDA?

 

Countries: Samoa

Development of a geostatistical mapping tool to improve decision-making for Loa loa and LF

Can serological markers for NTDs (particularly Loa loa and Lymphatic filariasis) be incorporated into geostatistical maps and used to guide program decisions around treatment and surveillance?

Does infection data add evidence to understanding of trachoma prevalence in low endemic areas?

To investigate the utility of an antibody test as a tool for surveillance during the elimination phase of trachoma programmes

Countries: Tanzania
Diseases: Trachoma

District Mapping Onchocerciasis and Lymphatic Filariasis in Ethiopia

To assess the programmatic feasibility of and determine the most appropriate age group and sampling strategy for an oncho mapping survey for ivermectin-naïve areas

Countries: Ethiopia

District Mapping Onchocerciasis and Lymphatic Filariasis in Kenya

To assess the programmatic feasibility of and determine the most appropriate age group and sample strategy for an onchocerciasis mapping survey for ivermectin-naïve areas.

Countries: Kenya

Lymphatic filariasis positive-case follow-up after TAS 2 or TAS 3 in Philippines

To identify the sampling strategy for positive case follow-up after TAS 2 and TAS 3 that optimizes the chances of correctly identifying evidence of ongoing transmission, while saving program resources.

Countries: Philippines

District Elimination Mapping of Onchocerciasis in Burundi

To assess Onchocerciasis transmission in the districts previously called hypo-endemic or of unknown endemicity using a new more sensitive diagnostic and sampling strategy

Countries: Burundi | Burundi | Burundi

Sustaining the Gains of NTD elimination programs through focused support of community drug distributors

To sustain the gains of active community drug distributors (CDDs) by enhancing their performance through intervention at the individual, community and primary health care center levels to reach NTD elimination and control goals.

Countries: Uganda | Cote d'Ivoire

Doxycycline for Clinical Management of Filarial Lymphedema (Mali)

Determine whether doxycycline treatment daily for 6 weeks improves clinical outcomes (swelling, acute attacks) in lymphedema patients.

Countries: Mali

Integrating use of point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen rapid diagnostic by community health workers during mass drug administration campaign to increase uptake of praziquantel treatment among adult populations in North-Western Tanzania

To assess if introducing point-of-care Circulating Cathodic Antigen rapid test to community health workers will increase access, compliance and coverage to treatment among adult individuals at Kome Island in North-Western Tanzania, an area on the Lake Victoria highly endemic for schistosomiasis

Countries: Tanzania
Diseases: Schistosomiasis

Does infection data add anything to our understanding of trachoma prevalence in low endemic areas?

To investigate prevalence of ocular chlamydial infection and associated risk factors in children aged 1-9 year in Manyoni district

Countries: Tanzania
Diseases: Trachoma

Development of a molecular diagnostic method for soil-transmitted helminthiases: Epidemiological implications for disease control

To improve STH detection by developing a reliable and easy to perform molecular diagnostic test for epidemiological surveillance and post-elimination monitoring of STH

Countries: Cameroon

Demand creation and services uptake push for onchocerciasis control in Cross River State, Nigeria

To increase onchocerciasis treatment coverage and to optimize service delivery through community mobilization, disease sensitization, training and strengthening of community health extension workers (CHEW), and community control advocates

Countries: Nigeria
Diseases: Onchocerciasis

Monitoring migrant groups as a post-treatment surveillance approach to contain the potential risk of lymphatic filaraisis re-emergence after stopping mass drug administration in Togo

In March 2016, the Republic of Togo submitted an application for validation of the elimination of LF as a public health problem. However, healthcare facility managers in some health regions – especially in the Savanes Region, have reported the presence of migrant groups from neighboring countries which are still endemic to LF – i.e. Ghana, Burkina Faso, Nigeria. Migrants arrive and reside temporarily but recurrently in some localities of these regions. They constitute hotspots that can be source of resurgence, mainly because the nationwide passive surveillance has been stopped in 2016. 

In order to track all population movements that constitute a potential risk to the Republic of Togo, the country proposes to set up a strategy for the identification of these groups, with the contribution of Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) Focal Points, followed by the research of potential parasite carriers. Isolated cases discovered will be investigated in order to track all imported W. bancrofti. They will be treated, but if an effective hotspot is discovered, rounds of Albendazole and Ivermectin MDA will be implemented a follow up of infected individuals will be maintained. 

The purpose of this study is to contribute maintaining the end of LF transmission across the country.

Countries: Togo

Investigation of possible ongoing Schistosoma hybridization in Nigeria and implications for response to treatment

To investigate the presence and epidemiology of Schistosoma hybrids in Nigeria. The acquisition of new genes through hybridization may generate new phenotypes that might differ in virulence, drug resistance, pathology, and host use, ultimately leading to the emergence of new diseases. Hybrids can develop into a new emerging pathogen, necessitating new control strategies in zones where both parental species overlap, an intense and rapid control response is required to minimize further spread of the hybrid and possible escalation of human schistosomiasis.

Countries: Nigeria
Diseases: Schistosomiasis

Field testing the use of 3D photographs of trachomatous trichiasis to train trachoma field graders

To evaluate 3D photographs of trachomatous trichiasis (TT) in the training and assessment of trachoma graders.

Countries: Ethiopia
Diseases: Trachoma

Long term outcome of the two most commonly used surgical procedures to treat trachomatous trichiasis (TT): PLTR vs BLTR

Ascertain whether the difference in outcome (measured in rate of post-operative trachomatous trichiasis, or TT), between the posterior lamellar tarsal rotation (PLTR) and bilamellar tarsal rotation (BLTR) is sustained at four years or whether they give different results from what has been found at 1 year.

Countries: Ethiopia
Diseases: Trachoma

Quality and quantity of post-epilation trichiatic lashes: a cohort study

To understand the nature (quality and quantity) of post epilation lashes and their visual significance in unoperated minor trachomatous trichiasis (TT) cases and case with post-operative trichiasis

Countries: Ethiopia
Diseases: Trachoma

District Mapping Onchocerciasis in Malawi

To assess the programmatic feasibility of and determine the most appropriate age group and sampling strategy for an oncho mapping survey for ivermectin-naïve areas

Countries: Malawi
Diseases: Onchocerciasis

Antibody Responses to Chlamydia trachomatis Antigens in Trachoma-Endemic Zones of Ethiopia

To analyze the relationships between the currently used indicator for impact assessments - prevalence of the clincial sign TF - and the prevalence of infection and antibody among 1-9 year old children in hyperendemic districts prior to mass drug administration

Countries: Ethiopia
Diseases: Trachoma

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