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Collaborative effort to address intestinal worms through education, medical care, health assessments, quizzes/contests in school

The effectiveness of motivating locals to address intestinal worms through education, medical care and health assessments.

Countries:

Operational research to compare the confirmatory mapping tool and xenomonitoring indicator (infectivity rate of L3 of Wuchereria bancrofti) in Monrovia to assess the necessity to implement MDA

What is the most appropriate method to evaluate the presence of W. bancrofti transmission in urban conurbations to establish if MDA is necessary for LF elimination?

Countries: Liberia

Field friendly biometry to ease cohort studies in resource-limited settings: application to the Test and Treat for onchocerciasis project in Central Cameroon

Can a biometric recognition system, in the context of “Test and Treat”, facilitate individual follow-up by linking participant data at different time-points?

Countries: Cameroon
Diseases: Loiasis | Onchocerciasis

District Mapping Onchocerciasis, Lymphatic Filariasis, and Loiasis in DRC

Pilot a strategy for mapping and treating Onchocerciasis and Lymphatic Filariasis in Loa loa coendemic areas

Countries: Dem. Rep. of Congo

Investigation of communities at increased risk of trachoma recrudescence & a model post-elimination surveillance strategy

Primary research question

Is there evidence of on-going or recent ocular Ct transmission in communities of northern Ghana felt to be at increased risk of recrudescence, at least two years since they were identified with Ct infection and or high anti-Pgp3 seroprevalence during pre-validation trachoma surveillance surveys?

Secondary research questions

What is the geographical extent of the boundaries of any persistent Ct infection and on-going transmission in the post-elimination setting?

What is the community-level (anti-Pgp3) prevalence of seropositivity for the multiplex bead array (MBA) (and possibly ELISA) as compared to the lateral flow assay (LFA)?

Countries: Ghana
Diseases: Trachoma

Enhanced self-care protocol for case management of severe lymphoedema

This study aims to determine if the addition of lymphatic stimulating activities to community-based home-care for lymphoedema can improve outcomes for people affecetd by moderate to late stage disease. 

Countries: Bangladesh | Ethiopia

Mapping the Potential Risk of Mycetoma Infection in Sudan and South Sudan Using Ecological Niche Modeling

What is the potential distribution of mycetoma in Sudan and South Sudan? What are the most important factors associated with the spatial distriutional patterns of disease cases in Both countries. 

 

Countries: Sudan
Diseases: Mycetoma

Ov16 AP ELISA comparison in Cameroon

How does the performance of the AP ELISA compare to the Ov16 SD ELISA, when conducted in a country lab?

Countries: Cameroon
Diseases: Onchocerciasis

Follow-up of positive cases of lymphatic filariasis after Transmission Assessment Survey (TAS) 2 and TAS 3 in Burkina Faso

Identify the sampling strategy for tracking positive cases after TAS 2 and TAS 3 that optimizes the chances of correctly identifying evidence of active transmission, while saving program resources

Countries: Burkina Faso

Morbidity management and disability prevention for persons with Lymphatic Filariasis and Leprosy: what is the impact of the integration of services on access to healthcare in Luangwa District of Zambia?

  1. Do existing programs or activities address integrated MMDP for patients living with LF and Leprosy?
  2. What is the impact of integrated MMDP in Luangwa district on access to healthcare?
Countries: Zambia

Identifying the optimal delivery model for the identification, confirmation and referral of NTD cases requiring MMDP services within an integrated health systems approach to NTD care in Liberia

This social science study will address the following:

Formative question: What are the strengths and weaknesses of the four models for case identification, confirmation and referral currently being implemented in Liberia for NTDs?

Intervention question: What is the optimal model for implementing case identification, confirmation and referral of NTD cases requiring case management, in terms of equity, effectiveness, economy and efficiency within the health system?"

Countries: Liberia

Improving access to Lymphatic Filariasis MMDP services through an enhanced evidence-based, cascade training model for health worker capacity strengthening in Ghana

This social science study will address the following:

Formative question: What were the successes and challenges of the LF MMDP pilot in the Upper East region for increasing the capacity of health workers of all levels and improving the ability of patients to manage LF morbidity?

Intervention question: Can a modified capacity strengthening package, developed based on the formative research results, be effective at increasing the capacity of health workers of all levels and improving the ability of patients to manage LF morbidity?

Countries: Ghana

Whole genome sequencing of ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in Amhara region, Ethiopia, an area with persistent hyperendemic trachoma.

This study will address the characteristics of the ocular chlamydia trachomatis population structures within Amhara, a setting which has experienced repeated rounds of antibiotic for trachoma, and whether those circulating populations are different than known sequenced strains.

Countries: Ethiopia
Diseases: Trachoma

Understanding areas of increased trachoma risk (hotspots) through the implementation of a post validation trachoma surveillance strategy

To determine if there is evidence of on-going or recent transmission in the “hotspot” communities of increased risk two years after they were identified during the pre-validation surveys (clinical, antibody and infection data).

Countries: Ghana
Diseases: Trachoma

ClearTrachoma: Evaluation of a novel molecular rapid diagnostic device for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis in trachoma-endemic areas

The primary aim of this study is a first evaluation (384 samples) of the DjinniChip in ocular clinical samples in a trachoma-endemic region in-country, but initially in the controlled environment of a research laboratory setting. The second aim is to determine the DjinniChips resilience and usability by evaluating its performance with a concentration series of positive control swabs in various environmental conditions (hot, dry, dusty, humid).

Countries: Tanzania
Diseases: Trachoma

Is Preventive Chemotherapy for NTDs Really “Pro-Poor?”: Insights from the Demographic and Health Surveys

To use DHS data from 40 countries to examine the extent to which deworming of children 1-4 years is associated with: 1) a range of individual- and family-related socioeconomic indicators, including wealth quintile and maternal education; and 2) access to health systems that could provide opportunities for deworming, independent of family-level socioeconomic status.

Countries:

Production of a New Dual Antigen Test Strip as a Tool to Support Epidemiologic Assessments of Onchocerciasis

How does the performance of the new Ov16/Ov3261 test strip compare to that of the SD Ov16 RDT and the SD Ov16 ELISA?

Diseases: Onchocerciasis

Evaluating and Developing MMDP services in Nigeria to be responsive to patient and provider perspectives using community based participatory research approaches in a participatory action research cycle

Primary Objective: To evaluate and develop MMDP services in Nigeria to be responsive to patient and provider perspectives using community based participatory research approaches in a participatory action research cycle

Formative research question: To what extent are the support needs of people affected by NTDs being met?

Intervention research question: How can new programme strategies be adapted to meet outstanding need?

Countries: Nigeria

Improving Mass Drug Administration After Transmission Assessment Survey Failure: Results from a Mixed Methods Study

  • What factors are associated with the availability, accessibility, and acceptability of MDA?
  • What is the impact of an adapted and tailored intervention package on effective coverage?
Countries: Ghana | Burkina Faso

Addressing the Mental Health of Persons Living with Lymphatic Filariasis in Léogâne, Haiti: Effectiveness of a Chronic Disease Self-Management Program

Intervention: The primary aim of this project is to determine if the introduction of a Chronic Disease Self-Management curriculum into existing Hope Clubs in Léogâne, Haiti will result in improvements in symptoms of depression, self-rated health, chronic disease self-efficacy, social support, and disability.

Formative: What are the barriers that prevent people with LF from participating in Hope Clubs?

Countries: Haiti

Coverage Evaluation Survey and Supervisor's Coverage Tool Implementation in Kenya for Triple Drug Therapy

Coverage Evaluation Survey

Is coverage, or a combination of coverage and systematic non-compliance, more effective than a diagnostic tool at predicting when it is safe to stop triple drug therapy?

Supervisor's Coverage Tool

Is the use of the SCT during IDA feasible to implement at the sub-county scale and does it lead to increased coverage?

Countries: Kenya

Operational research to develop an M&E strategy to guide triple drug stopping decisions for lymphatic filariasis in Egypt

What is the indicator(s) and accompanying monitoring and evaluation (M&E) strategy that enables country programs to determine when the risk of ongoing transmission of LF has been reduced so that IDA can be stopped with little risk of resurgence of transmission?

Countries: Egypt

Towards sustainability of Schistosomiasis Control: improving health of lake shore communities and engaging civil society structures, educational and health facilities in the hyper-endemic area of Mwanza, Tanzania

Schistosomiasis is among the neglected tropical diseases which are highly endemic in Tanzania, especially along and on the Island of Lake Victoria, in northwestern region. After Nigeria, Tanzania is second country in sub-Saharan Africa for having the highest prevalence of schistosomiasis infection and it is estimated that 52% of approximately 50 million people are living with the disease. Current control strategies in Tanzania focus on mass drug administration (MDA) of Praziquantel (PZQ) mainly in school children. Despite of these efforts, the burden of disease remains high, showing local infection rates of up to 97% among school children. School- based MDA alone is unlikely to have a lasting effect on transmission. Awareness creation and engagement across sectors and of civil society (cooperatives, community councils) structures will help to achieve more sustainable results. The objective of this project is to engage affected communities and civil society structures representing risk population (cooperatives, beach management units) to create awareness through e.g. CHAST (children’s hygiene and sanitation training), participation in control activities and improved health seeking behaviors. Secondarily, the study aims to institutionalize measures for early diagnosis and treatment in health facilities of Nyamagana and Ilemela district, along the Lake Victoria, northwestern Tanzania.

Countries: Tanzania
Diseases: Schistosomiasis

Operational research to develop an M&E strategy to guide triple drug stopping decisions for lymphatic filariasis in Kenya

What is the indicator(s) and accompanying M&E strategy that enables country programs to determine when the risk of ongoing transmission of LF has been reduced so that IDA can be stopped with little risk of resurgence of transmission?

Countries: Kenya

Processing Ov16 ELISA for Oncho Elimination Mapping

Would the same programmatic decisions for Oncho Elimination Mapping be made based off of the Ov16 rapid diagnostic test results as compared to the Ov16 SD ELISA results?

Countries: Kenya | Malawi | Burundi
Diseases: Onchocerciasis

Lymphatic Filariasis Positive-Case Follow-up After TAS 2 in Haiti

To identify the sampling strategy for positive case follow-up after TAS 2 and TAS 3 that optimizes the chances of correctly identifying evidence of ongoing transmission, while saving program resources.

Countries: Haiti

Improving Access to Mass Drug Administration for Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination using a Participatory Approach among Communities of Coastal Kenya

To assess the socio-economic factors contributing to low access to MDA, to identify the existing health services opportunities and other outlets specific to various socio-economic groups that could be used for improving access to MDA, and to develop feasible field-applicable strategies that can be used to reach groups with consistently low access to MDA.

Countries: Kenya

Development of Tools to Re-Orient Social Mobilization Strategies to Close the MDA Coverage-Compliance Gap

To improve compliance and reduce the coverage-compliance gap in mass drug administration through enhanced and tailored social mobilization.

Countries: Indonesia

Equitable access to Mass Drug Administration for trachoma elimination: an ethnographic study to understand factors associated with low coverage in Kenya and Tanzania

Main objectives are firstly to identify and understand better the factors behind low and unequal MDA coverage and compliance in trachoma endemic areas in Tanzania and Kenya with nomadic populations, secondly to prioritize factors in terms of amenability to intervention. The researcher will then use the evidence generated to design specific interventions that could improve the reach and impact of campaigns of Zithromax MDA in both countries.  While there are contextual differences between nomadic societies throughout Africa, research among the Masai in Tanzania and Kenya should inform programme services in other settings with nomadic populations. Particular attention will be given to gender-sensitivity; that is, interventions that will improve access and use by women as well as men.

Countries: Kenya | Tanzania
Diseases: Trachoma

Operational research to develop an M&E strategy to guide triple drug stopping decisions for lymphatic filariasis in Samoa

What is the indicator(s) and accompanying M&E strategy that enables country programs to determine when the risk of ongoing transmission of LF has been reduced so that IDA can be stopped with little risk of resurgence of transmission?

Countries: Samoa

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