USAID

Evaluation of community directed vector control on transmission of Onchocerca volvulus in a Loa loa co-endemic region

This study will pilot the Slash and Clear methodology in an oncho-Loa loa co-endemic setting. Previous pilots in Uganda and Nigeria have demonstrated that this simple strategy of removing breeding sites can result in significant black fly reductions that last for several months. This study will provide important data on the impact of Slash and Clear on black fly biting, and consequently its impact on oncho elimination. Two intervention and one control community will be compared for two years, with repeated measurements being taken of biting rates.

Countries: Cameroon
Diseases: Loiasis | Onchocerciasis

Improving disease control and elimination decision making with geospatial algorithms

Can geospatial algorithms be used by disease programs to help identify hotspots at community and Implementation Unit level?

Countries:

Improving Mass Drug Administration After Pre-Transmission Assessment Survey (Pre-TAS) Failure: A Mixed Methods Study in Nepal

This study builds on the methods developed for the operational studies ongoing in Ghana and Burkina Faso. The first two research questions are the same as those earlier studies with two new questions added here- question 3 on triple drug therapy (ivermectin, DEC, albendazole – IDA) and 4 on the use of a new rapid ethnography approach.

  1. What factors are associated with effective (and lower) MDA coverage as defined as availability, accessibility, and acceptability in settings that have repeatedly failed Pre-TAS?
  2. What is the impact of an adapted and tailored intervention package on achieving effective coverage?
  3. What messages and community engagement approaches are needed to ensure the acceptability of IDA triple drug therapy in Nepal?
  4. How does the rapid ethnography approach compare to more traditional qualitative analysis methods in terms of cost, timeliness, and ability to provide required information for programmatic decisions? Can local capacity for use of this approach be built rapidly?
Countries: Nepal

Does infection data add evidence to the understanding of trachoma prevalence in low endemic areas?

  1. To evaluate strategies for the elimination of trachoma by evaluating potential makers that show interruption of transmission of C. trachomatis
  2. To determine the prevalence of ocular chlamydial infection among children aged 1 – 9 years old in Mpwapwa and Kalambo District, Tanzania
  3. To determine the associated risk factors of ocular Chlamydia infection among children aged 1 – 9 years old in Mpwapwa and Kalambo District, Tanzania
  4. To determine the usability of antibody test to detect Chlamydia antigen pgp3 using lateral flow assay
  5. To examine the longevity of the antibody response to trachoma antigens in a high and low-prevalence setting
Countries: Tanzania
Diseases: Trachoma

Developing a surveillance framework for the post-elimination phase of the lymphatic filariasis programme in Bangladesh

  • Can the micro-stratification of lymphatic filariasis (LF) transmission assessment surveys positive case and clinical case data be used to identify, map and monitor transmission hotspots as part of an enhanced endgame surveillance strategy?
  • Can targeted molecular xenomonitoring detect ongoing transmission [to the same extent as human surveillance] in defined LF transmission hotspots?

 

Countries: Bangladesh

TAS 3 positive case follow-up

Is there still LF transmission after successful TAS 3?

Countries: Nepal

Post-validation survey for the elimination of blinding trachoma to evaluate the effectiveness of a serological surveillance strategy in two provinces of Morocco

Conduct district-wide field trials of the Pgp3 lateral flow assay to measure the seroprevalence of antibodies against the Chlamydia trachomatis antigen Pgp3 in low-prevalence settings.

Countries: Morocco
Diseases: Trachoma

MORBID: Morbidity Operational Research for Bilharziasis Implementation Decisions (Pilot)

A pilot study to identify meaningful and measurable targets for detecting the control of schistosomiasis-related morbidity in Africa. The overall study is designed to answer the following primary evaluation questions:

  • What are the infection levels of Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium below which there is little, or no, detectable schistosomiasis-associated morbidity?
  • What are the optimal morbidity markers for S. mansoni and S. haematobium?
  • What are the optimal species-specific morbidity goals for which schistosomiasis control programs should be aiming?
Countries: Kenya | Malawi
Diseases: Schistosomiasis

Follow-up of positive cases of lymphatic filariasis after Transmission Assessment Survey (TAS) 2 and TAS 3 in Burkina Faso

Identify the sampling strategy for tracking positive cases after TAS 2 and TAS 3 that optimizes the chances of correctly identifying evidence of active transmission, while saving program resources

Countries: Burkina Faso

Whole genome sequencing of ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in Amhara region, Ethiopia, an area with persistent hyperendemic trachoma.

This study will address the characteristics of the ocular chlamydia trachomatis population structures within Amhara, a setting which has experienced repeated rounds of antibiotic for trachoma, and whether those circulating populations are different than known sequenced strains.

Countries: Ethiopia
Diseases: Trachoma

Pages