Country operational research priorities pending.
This study will address the characteristics of the ocular chlamydia trachomatis population structures within Amhara, a setting which has experienced repeated rounds of antibiotic for trachoma, and whether those circulating populations are different than known sequenced strains.
Through funding from the Wellcome Trust to develop a global atlas of podoconiosis. We aim to advance new knowledge on the geographical distribution and spatial epidemiology of the disease.
i. Conduct national cross-sectional surveys in selected countries to validate the environmental predictive model developed using the mapping data in Ethiopia.
ii. Create evidence consensus maps, develop risk maps and ground-truthing work and delineate the spatial distribution and geographical limits of podoconiosis globally.
iii. Estimate the global burden of podoconiosis by quantifying the number affected, the population at risk and DALYs attributable.
iv. Estimate how much it will cost to control or eliminate podoconiosis globally.
Can routine reports be used to identify hot spots of scabies transmission?
Do endemic Ethiopian plant extracts have potential for use in lymphoedema management?
What is the immune pathogenesis of podoconiosis?
Can bioielectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) identify patients with podoconiosis lymphoedema?
The Starworms project aims to strengthen the monitoring and surveillance of drug efficacy and anthelmintic resistance in soil-transmitted helminth (STH) programs. As such, it will support deworming programs in their quest to eliminate STHs as a public health problem by 2020. The specific objectives are (1) to validate diagnostic tools to monitor drug efficacy and the spread of anthelmintic resistance, (2) to create a surveillance system that monitors the global patterns of drug efficacy and spread of anthelmintic resistance in STH programs, and (3) to develop supporting tools to plan, analyze and follow up on surveys on drug efficacy and the spread of anthelmintic resistance.
To understand the nature (quality and quantity) of post epilation lashes and their visual significance in unoperated minor trachomatous trichiasis (TT) cases and case with post-operative trichiasis
Ascertain whether the difference in outcome (measured in rate of post-operative trachomatous trichiasis, or TT), between the posterior lamellar tarsal rotation (PLTR) and bilamellar tarsal rotation (BLTR) is sustained at four years or whether they give different results from what has been found at 1 year.
To evaluate 3D photographs of trachomatous trichiasis (TT) in the training and assessment of trachoma graders.
To assess the programmatic feasibility of and determine the most appropriate age group and sampling strategy for an oncho mapping survey for ivermectin-naïve areas
To analyze the relationships between the currently used indicator for impact assessments - prevalence of the clincial sign TF - and the prevalence of infection and antibody among 1-9 year old children in hyperendemic districts prior to mass drug administration
What are the differences at 1 year post-baseline in the prevalence of trachoma and Ct infection in villages randomized to an enhanced antibiotic treatment regimen characterized by a routine community-wide MDA followed by two rounds of treatment targeted to children 6 months to 9 years in quick succession (1-2 weeks apart) compared to villages randomized to annual standard-of-care community-wide MDA?
Does community-based treatment of podoconiosis lymphoedema reduce the frequency of attacks of acute dermatolymphangioadenitis?
Study the impact of WASH on Trachoma by adding an STH intervention and post-treatment evaluation. WASH intervention and control communities will be treated with albendazole and STH burden will be assessed pre-treatment and at annual intervals thereafter.
This study is piloting the Supervisor's Coverage Tool (formerly the Coverage Supervision Tool, or CST) approach that is meant to provide a platform for district- and sub-district-level supervisors to monitor the success of the last MDA. It is meant to be conducted at the sub-district level two weeks following MDA and provides a pass/fail result regarding whether the target coverage threshold was met. It is designed as a quick and inexpensive in-process monitoring tool for use by sub-national level NTD management teams/supervisors to help improve or maintain the success of future MDA rounds.
Preliminary Findings and Lessons Learned
A recurring request from the national neglected tropical disease (NTD) programme teams is for a quick, inexpensive and simple tool that the programmes can use to assess preventive chemotherapy (PC) coverage. Consequently, the WHO, in collaboration with partners, has developed a Supervisor’s Coverage Tool (SCT) that can be used to improve the coverage of PC delivered through mass drug administration (MDA). The SCT gives supervisors a supportive supervision tool with which to strengthen the performance of the community drug distributors (CDDs) and their first-level supervisors, providing an opportunity to identify and solve problems related to low MDA coverage.
This tool was first piloted in the Benishangul-Gumuz region in western Ethiopia in close collaboration with RTI and the regional health bureau. The results suggested that the tool was both feasible for district-level staff to implement and resulted in programmatically useful information.
The methodology behind this tool was presented at the WHO Working Group on Monitoring and Evaluation of Preventive Chemotherapy (WG M&E) in 2015 and 2016. Evidence from four field studies in Ethiopia, Nigeria (two separate occasions) and the Philippines confirms the value and feasibility of using the Supervisor’s Coverage Tool (SCT) by sub-district health supervisors.
Consequently, the Scientific and Technical Advisory Group for Neglected Tropical Diseases has recommended that the SCT be made available to national programmes for immediate use. Information from SCT should be used to take appropriate data-driven, corrective action at sub-district levels. Additional evidence will be gathered about the tool’s use and applications in other treatment settings such as school-based platforms and urban settings.
Demonstrate the utility of a new mapping strategy based on school cluster random sampling Using PPES. A secondary objective is to assess the value of laboratory-based antibody assays as confirmatory tests and additional diagnostic tools for measuring LF transmission.
POC/CCA screening/mapping tool initial Studies